This thesis explores rural agricultural development in labor markets in Tanzania. The first chapter of the thesis analyzes Tanzanian labor markets and whether labor demanded by small farms in Tanzania is adequately supplied by the market. The second chapter uses remote sensing imagery captured by satellites to analyze the correspondence between changes in population, changes in GDP, and changes in human-generated light. The third chapter of this thesis examines gender-based price discrimination that occurs in Tanzania, and how this discrimination leads to the economic repression of women-headed households.