My doctoral research analyses the issue of rural development in Ethiopia in the period which goes from the early 1930s Haile Selassie's Empire, passes through Italian colonialism and British war administration, and ends in the first decade of Haile Selassie's restored Ethiopian Empire. This research shows how these historical conjunctures present many elements of continuity as for the ideas on rural development, the practices which substantiate them, the actors who put them into effect.