Abstract

"Across the world many armed groups in conflict-affected contexts have directed violence against individuals due to their sexual orientation and/or gender identity. The Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, the al-Mahdi in Iraq, and Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia in Colombia, as well as the state armed forces have targeted gender non-confirming individuals as a part of their social cleansing campaigns. Some of these armed groups reported their executions of non-conforming individuals through their online media channels. The broadcasting of this violence, particularly the violence of ISIS in Iraq and Syria, has provoked the first United Nations Security Council debate on gender and sexuality related issues in August 2015 which mobilized an international discourse around "LGBT rights" and, moreover, led to the mobilization of the "Queer Insurrection and Liberation Army (TQILA)" to fight against ISIS. This dissertation attempts to understand the phenomenon of violence against gender non-confirming individuals in the Syrian Civil War and the effect of its visualization in the politics of war."

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