Women and girls constitute the majority of the worlds' food insecure. Recent processes of agricultural commercialization and changes in rural land tenure are having an impact on the availability, accessibility and quality of food supplies for people in both urban and rural areas. The same commercial imperatives that are driving agrarian transformation are also influencing gender relations, the social, economic and political meanings that are ascribed to them, and the injustices they produce. A growing body of evidence from around the world has highlighted the synergies between the promotion of gender equality and the realization of the right to food. This brief summarizes key issues connected to agricultural commercialization from a human rights perspective with a focus on the right to food and gender equality. Speaking to two of the Sustainable Development Goals formulated in the UN's 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, it aims to provide policy makers and advocacy groups with recommendations on the implementation of these rights in contexts of agrarian change