Abstract

To what extent variation of immigration perceptions in different countries can be explained through inequalities within the context of globalization and changing role of institutions? On the one hand, previous studies paint a pessimistic picture in that immigration may be unsustainable in any variety of national political economy in terms of favourable perceptions from the natives. On the other hand, significant amount of empirical studies attempt to show that material interests and economic threats have much less explanatory power than socio-cultural explanations in understanding immigration perceptions. This research will argue that different structures of national political economy institutions, based on their effects at individual and country levels, are able to mitigate perceptions towards immigration through their role in determining dynamics and types of inequalities. This research aims both to put forward corrections to the extensive literature on perceptions of immigration and also to bring forward an original analytical link from the larger literature on comparative political economy in understanding one of the most pressing conflictual tendencies facing societies in developed countries today; between immigration and native tendencies of anti-immigration. This research will introduce the effects of risk exposure inequality, inequality of protection, and changing levels of structural lower end inequality as explanatory variables in predicting the immigration perceptions of natives of host countries. In doing so, this project will analytically bring together prominent comparative political economy theories on inequalities and risk to understand perceptions of immigration, as an original link and contribution to the literature. It is predicted that individuals in higher risk and lower protection categories will have less favourable perceptions of immigration. The theory also predicts a negative relationship between favourable perceptions and increase in structural low-end inequality in a country. The research design will have a mixed method approach in combining a sequential use of in-depth case studies with large-N quantitative estimation and modelling techniques. The study will be a dynamic comparative analysis both temporal and cross-sectional. The research will test its hypotheses using European region as the case sample in the large-N and three country cases of Denmark, France, and United Kingdom for in depth comparative case studies. The research design will be temporally scoped to cover a time frame of early 2000's to late 2010's. Through its research design, the project will also contribute to understanding the effects of significant recession on within country inequalities and most importantly its effects on individuals. If evidence is found in support of the hypothesized relationships of its theory, the research will be able to shed some much-needed light on the rising negative perceptions towards immigration in developed countries. It will also be able to propose several practical policy implications regarding the ways in which by reducing these inequalities, a sustainable relationship between host country native population and immigration can be established.

Details

Actions