This MPT sketches the preliminary structure and research questions for my dissertation, which will investigate the colonization of Native American land as a critical site of early 20th century U.S. Empire. By a comparative analysis of the imposition of new property relations by the U.S. federal government on indigenous polities in both North America and the Philippines, I suggest an expanded geography of early U.S. Empire, and a re-conceptualization U.S.-Indian relations as foreign relations."