To deal with security issues in Central Asia and the South Caucasus, regional cooperation is urgently required. Nevertheless, such attempts so far failed. Why? Arguably, the unwillingness of the regions' governments to cooperate is the reason for the failure. They oppose cooperation, as it would jeopardize their policy priorities of state building and nation building. The political elites in the two regions build their nations but also justify their opposition to cooperation on security issues by securitizing the latter as threats that emanate from adjacent states in the region."