This paper argues that the solidarity economy and feminist theories (mostly on economics, sociology and anthropology), have developed within distinct frameworks that have limited the opportunities for exchange and cross-fertilization. These frameworks are by no means in opposition to one another, and the approaches they espouse sometimes overlap when the same objects are under study. They have generally not, however, merged to produce reflection based on shared categories. This article aims to contribute to the emergence of such a debate by identifying the main categories and scales used in the analysis of the solidarity economy and in feminist literature on women’s organizations and their economic, social and political practices. It reflects as to the necessary convergence between these two fields: for understanding the spheres of ‘production’ and ‘reproduction’ and their mutual connections; the multiplicity of pathways to emancipation; and the multiplicity of forms taken by political action.