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Abstract

In the last decade, European governments started introducing migrant integration programs. As positive externalities arise from migrant integration, and market failures have been witnessed when integration is not achieved, strong arguments can be made for government intervention, as it can benefit both migrants and society as a whole. Germany has had the most extensive migrant integration program in Europe, with more than a million participants since 2005. Its program focuses mainly on language acquisition, with elements of cultural, historical, and political instruction. The program caters to various special-needs groups and since its conception has made multiple improvements. This study examines this program, its origins, implementation, outcomes, and underlying assumptions, drawing lessons for other countries seeking to address migrant integration. Since official integration programs are fairly new, there exists a substantial gap of knowledge regarding their merits and outcomes. This report hopes to help fill that gap and contributes to the general knowledge of migrant integration and European policies that foster it.

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