This research explores the history of the body in late colonial Lourenço Marques, Mozambique, in the global context of decolonization and anti-racist struggles. I go beyond the Portuguese Empire alone to focus on the imperial connections established between Portugal, South Africa, Brazil and India. In the interplay of global politics and the micro-history of the colonial body, my research examines how the circulation of racial ideologies and networks of human mobility impacted bodily experiences of race and struggles for decolonization and against racism in Lourenço Marques.