"The basic principle embodied in the WTO SCM Agreement is that, leaving aside the two types of prohibited subsidies, only "specific" subsidies as defined in Article 2 of the SCM Agreement are subject to the SCM Agreement disciplines. This thesis looks at the concept of specificity of subsidies in the WTO. Notably, the thesis takes a closer look at the provisions of Article 2 in light of some selected case studies from the WTO jurisprudence and revisits some pertinent issues of law and economics"