This interdisciplinary dissertation seeks to understand the use of systematic sexual violence (SSV) against women in contemporary ethnonationalist armed conflict in reference to the former Yugoslav wars in both Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia which were waged in the 1990s. Given that the use of SSV in intimately connected to the issue of responsability and due to the existence of jurisprudence from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed on the Territory of the Former Yogoslavia since 1991 (ICTY), the concentration herein is on formal legal accountability as linked to state policy intentionality associated with individual political and para/military perpetrators. The political causes of these internal-international armed conflicts stem from the appropriation of the regressive ideology of ethnonationalism incorporating gendered-identity objects or logic structure components