The aim of this work is to analyse the legal human rights obligations of the IMF and the World Bank Group institutions and their extent. The two first chapters give a basic overview of these institutions, their structures and functioning. Chapter 3 presents examples to explain the possible violations of human rights through these institutions activities. Chapter 4 summarizes the activities of the World Bank and the IMF activities related to human rights. Chapter 5 discusses the political perspective of the integration of human rights inside the Bretton Woods institutions. Chapters 6 to 8 analyse IFIs' human rights obligations, their sources and their extent from a legal perspective. Chapters 9 and 10 look at the IFIs' responsibility regime for non-compliance with their human rights obligations and the existing accountability mechanisms. Finally, chapters 11 and 12 propose ways in which the situation of human rights inside these institutions may be improved