The thesis addresses relationship between women's rights and Islam at the level of international law. An attempt is made to propose ways by which international law could transform this relationship, often represented in terms of opposition, into a constructive dialogue, an interaction. This is done mainly through the analysis of the practice developed by States and the treaty-monitoring body in the context of reservations entered by Muslim States to the Convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women. In the course of the analysis some theoretical issues related to the regime of reservations in general international law are discussed. The thesis argues for adoption of a flexible approach which encourages wider and more active participation