This interdisciplinary applied research shows the interplay between law and policy in the field of education. Its general aim is to provide operative guidance to African states on how to understand, apply and assess the right to education with a view to improving children's enjoyment of their right in practice. Analysing the constructive dialogue on the right to education between 4 human rights treaty bodies and African member states, the study first clarifies and supplements the international legal framework. Secondly, it looks at how the right to education is applied in practice in Africa, given its specific socio-cultural, economic and political context, with a view to suggesting ways to improve the implementation. It also examines whether treaty bodies adequately address the African priorities, needs and aspirations. Issues addressed range from relevance and quality, gender equality, mother tongue instruction, child labour to indicators