Through an analysis of the educational reforms at primary level, from 1938 to 1941, in colonial Korea, this study aims to explore the ideal images of the Japanese people that were imposed on the Koreans through Japan's wartime assimilation policy. During that period, education in the colonies, closely related to military objectives, played an important role in making people prepare for wartime mobilization, which was founded on a concept of "total war". This study examines, in particular, Japan's wartime ideologies that were inculcated in the Koreans for their total assimilation, through the Korean Volunteer Army, the educational changes during wartime and the educational content