Changes in geopolitical relations, increasing demands for aid by developing countries and the fiscal constraints of donor countries has turned attention to increasing the effectiveness of aid resources.

For low income countries who are dependant on external aid to finance much of their health services and faced with an increasing demand from their people for better health and for their donors it means changes in the way they conduct business in the aid for health market.

This study describes and analyses the practices of recipient countries and their development partners in the aid for health "market".

Based on these results and on an examination of key issues such as : the determinants of health development, health and the economic environment, obstacles to better health, development thought and the role of aid; a set of good practices by both recipient countries and donors to strengthen the effectiveness for aid is presented.