Ever since the late 1970s, Sino-Indian relations have undergone drastic changes. Such changes, from China's perspective, started in 1976 as part of China's overall foreign strategy rearrangement following the demise of Mao Zedong, and have undergone readjustements throughout Deng Xiaoping's era.

The purpose of this thesis is to explore and evaluate the last twenty years' detente and normalization between these two largest developing countries.

The thesis consists of eight chapters. It is unfolded along two clues: the development of their bilateral relations and the impact of their relations on other states in the subcontinent. The various determining factors in Chinese and Indian foreign strategies are examined in the work.

The thesis has also scrutinized their remaining problems and has tentatively evaluated the future prospects of Sino-Indian relations.